The Directory: Who, Why, How?

In the summer of 1918 the opponents of Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky regime who had assembled in Ukrainian National Union (UNUnion) became politically radicalized. Opposition activists embarked on plotting an armed rebellion. The Directory (Directorate) — the rebellion executive body — was formed late night on November 13, 1918.

Tomos-1930, or How “Ukrainian Nuncio” in Istanbul fought for autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church

Each time imperial pressure on Ukraine got eased or formation of an independent Ukrainian state got initiated, autocephaly of the Church became one of fundamental issues. During the Ukrainian revolution, when Ukraine got independence, the issue had not been resolved. However, even upon failure of attempts at state independence, the UNR Government-in-exile kept struggling to resolve the autocephaly issue.

Skoropadsky VS Denikin. The last mission of Prime Minister Lyzohub

On November 9, 1918, Military Governor of Odesa Eduard Belts shot himself. Earlier, the commander of the Eastern army, Field Marshal Alfred Kraus, left for Germany. Fedir Lyzohub had no one to talk to. In October preliminary agreement on Crimean autonomy within the Ukrainian State was negotiated with Crimean government delegation, however…

Requiem for Mazepa: Why Hetman Skoroparsky Opposed the Panikhida Service

On the 9th of July a phone rang in the home of the Director of the Ukrainian Telegraph Agency Dmytro Dontsov. The Hetman was on the line. He wanted to talk about Ivan Mazepa…

"Glory to Ukraine!": Who and when was the slogan created?

The chant was born in Kharkiv. Made its way through Ukraine from Kyiv. Saved with the efforts of Galycians and Volynians in Lviv and Rivne. However, the commonly cited on the Internet quote: "And there will be a time, when one will say: "Glory to Ukraine", and millions will respond with "Glory to its heroes!" cannot be found in Stepan Bandera’s collection of works.

Kyiv woke up. How did Ukrainian Revolution start

Hrushevsky was in a Moscow library when revolution broke off. Vynnychenko was also staying in Moscow. Petliura was in Minsk, working at Union of Zemstvos’ mission at the Western Front. Kyiv was asleep…

Freedom, or Death! Haidamakas from Academy

Ataman Petliura gathered all of us and spoke: “We need to spare no effort, just one more time!” That was a crazy attack — violent and ruthless. Many Haidamakas perished in this battle, no one escaped a bullet.

Setting the record straight: Reconceptualization of the Ukrainian Revolution

The Ukrainian revolution lost an armed struggle, since people were not ready to accept the idea of independence. The nation with no secondary and higher education of its own is doomed to failure. Revolution does not prevail in countries, were rural residents constitute the greater part of socially active population.

Which Petliura Does His “Secret Diary’’ Depict? An Impression of a Historian

Fresh Impressions of the good, and what’s more important, the needed film, and some points of criticisms are, maybe, acute, but have only the aim to make the Ukrainian cinema better.

Volodumyr Mursky — the UNR Government-in-exile representative in Istanbul

In 1932, with assistance from Volodymyr Mursky, the Agreement on Establishment of the Union State of Ukraine and Crimea was drafted and agreed upon by the UNR Government. The Agreement provided for mutual recognition of independence of the UNR and the Crimean People’s Republic and establishment of the common Union State upon defeat of the Bolshevik regime.